Types of walnut wood
English Walnut Wood
English walnut wood comes from the same tree where edible walnuts come from. Do not be surprised when one calls it walnut, Circassian walnut, European walnut, and French walnut. This walnut wood is a native of the United Kingdom and is popular in western Asia and Eastern Europe.
The English walnut tree grows up to 120 feet tall, with a diameter of 2 feet. The walnut in the forest is often taller than cultivated trees. Cultivated ones are the source of timber.
Its Heartwood color ranges from pale brown to dark chocolate brown, and its sapwood is yellowish to white. It is lighter in color, and the color differs depending on the drying method used. It is less durable since it is prone to insect attacks. It makes furniture, fine veneers, carvings, and decorative objects. Its large slabs make kitchen counters, tabletops, shelves, and bar tops.
Black Walnut Wood
Black walnut wood is strong, resistant to shock, stable, and versatile. Its heartwood makes it durable like cedars and chestnuts. It is a native tree in the United States and popular on the eastern coast of the United States.
It ranges from dark chocolate brown to pale yellow. The sapwood, meanwhile, is a pale yellow to white. Its demand increases or decreases depending on public demand and consumption. Black walnut makes better cabinets due to its durability, workability, and appearance.
It performs well with hand tools and machines and polishes to a high finish. Its workability makes it ideal for carving and steam bending. It glues well.
Claro Walnut Wood
It is also called the California Black walnut and comes from the Juglans hindsii tree. It grows in California, up to 18 meters tall and 1.5 meters wide. It is closely related to the Black walnut. Its heartwood ranges from light pale brown to dark chocolate brown with dark brown streaks, and the color has some purple, gray, or reddish cast. The sapwood is clear or white and features grain patterns like burl, crotch, and curly.
It is susceptible to insect attacks, although it remains durable. It is resistant to decay. Check out if the grain is straight and regular so that it becomes easy to work with. An irregular grain causes a planer tear-out. Claro walnut wood also stains and finishes well and comes with a faint and mild odor.
White Walnut Wood
White walnut wood is also known as Spanish walnut or butternut. It belongs to the Jungians cinereal and has a light brown color and is lightweight. It is a hardwood that is easy to work on. It works on carvings, furniture, veneer, boxes, crates, and interior trims.
It is a native of the United States and related to the black walnut. It is less dense and durable. The rot resistance wood comes with open pores. It is also susceptible to insect damage, shock resistance, and excellent dimensional ability. Its availability does not compromise affordability.
It has a pale and gold-like tone in its sapwood and heartwood. That is why it makes beautiful decorative items. It makes cabinets, furniture, turned items, and interior paneling.
It is a hybrid product of cross-pollination of claro walnut and the English walnut. It is used to make furniture, gunstock, veneer, and musical instruments like guitars, turned objects, and knife handles.
It is also called the Paradox walnut due to its fast growth and grows faster than both English and claro walnuts. Bastogne walnut comes with beautiful characteristics such as a regular grain. The tree grows between 50 and 100 feet tall, with the trunk diameter ranging between three and five feet.
Its heartwood colors vary, from light gold to reddish-brown. Sometimes, it has dark brown to black streaks found in the central wood. The sapwood is paler than the heartwood. You may notice some rippled grain in some parts of the wood. It is easy to work with as long as its grain is regular and strained. It also stains, glues, and finishes well.
Peruvian Walnut Wood
Peruvian walnut wood has a darker color and coarser grain, unlike other walnut wood types. It is rich and dark chocolate color and makes furniture and cabinets. The tree is grown in Central America and the northern regions of South America.
It grows up to 60 feet tall, and the trunk has an average diameter of 3 feet. The wood is easy to work on, glues and stains well. Its shock resistance qualities are exceptional. That is why it is for gunstock. Its dark color makes it a better choice for interior trim. It is a bit soft for flooring. It makes high-end furniture, musical instruments, and cabinets.
Although walnut wood is popular among carvers, it is available in local lumberyards and online shops. That gives you more room to compare prices and conditions to pack the best.
The carving comes with a higher chance of injuring yourself. That is why you should take all the safety measures to prevent that from happening. Below are safety measures to follow.
- Understand the grain
- Know your tools
- Make a sketch first
- Sharpen your tools
- Wear Gloves
- Wear thumb guards
- Wear masks
Choosing your Carving tools
When choosing wood carving tools, look at the type of carving you intend to do. Buy the tools you need when you need them rather than trying to buy them all at once. Start with basic carving knives and palm carving tools for a start. Add a tool here and there to your collection as you need them.
How to carve walnut
- Keep your tools very sharp.
- Avoid any knotholes
- Start carving.
- After carving, sand your wood.
- Do not wipe the wood with a damp cloth, it raises the grain.
- Run final sanding and an oil finish.
- Cut along the grain.
- Keep your tools sharp.
- Look for standard tools and add other carving tools during the process.
Jammu and Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving
Kashmir walnut wood carving is wood carving work created in Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is under the geographical indication (GI) of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement.
Will black walnut dull my carving tools?
Black walnut may dull carving tool. It requires the use of sharp tools and a mallet for the best results. It has a rich color and grain that has made it popular for many products such as furniture and gunstock.
Finishes for walnut wood
Lacquer can be the best choice for finishing walnut if you want it to dry fast. You need two coats to seal and protect, and it’s user-friendly. You can choose airless or pressurized spray equipment to apply lacquer.
Tung oil is a combo of varnishes and Tung oil. It gives a beautiful finish to walnut. It removes dust, dirt, watermarks, blemishes and allows you to finish a large surface.