February 7, 2022

CNC Machine Types

What is a CNC router?

A CNC router is a cutting machine numerically controlled by computer programming codes. It mounts a handheld router as a spindle to cut aluminum, wood, steel, plastics, and glass. CNC routers can cut various materials into different shapes for varying purposes.

They can operate with CAM software programs and G-code programming language. CNC routers differ in their build volume and configuration. You can find a CNC router with one or more axes to work with, and they can swap tools to do different tasks. The essential feature in these routers is the computer control which rotates, moves, and spins tools depending on the CAM program.

What can a CNC router do?

A CNC router can perform various tasks such as woodwork, signage, moldings, thermoforming. It is essential when a precise cut is needed regularly. You can create near-identical objects. They reduce production time and the frequency of manufacturing errors. You can produce carvings, musical instruments, interior, and exterior decorations. Other uses include making wood panels, signboards, furniture, and moldings.


Price Range

The CNC router prices depend on the specifications, configurations, the type of materials to be processed, and the brand. For example, the hobby mini desktop CNC router price ranges from $1500- to $5000. A standard and primary CNC router costs $5000-$30000. Multi-process and complex CNC routers cost $30000-$100000.

Point to Point CNC router

A point-to-point CNC router is ideal for routing, cutting, and milling panel furniture, drilling, and solid wood furniture. It can also do double station four area processing. You can process diversification and complex products and perform the routine cutting. Pneumatic drill etc., with a Point to Point CNC router.

CNC Plasma Cutter

A plasma cutter can cut through sheet material, metal plates, straps, pipes. A CNC plasma cutter carries a plasma torch that moves in a path directed by a computer. It is specifically designed to cut through electrically conductive materials using a computer. The purpose is to control and direct an accelerated jet of hot plasma on the workpiece. Many industries use plasma cutters, including fabrication, welding shops, industrial construction sites, etc.

What can you do with a CNC plasma cutter?

A CNC plasma cutter can produce different products, including fireplace screens and gates. You can also make a hexagon fire pit, the wild bear clock, which can act as décor and as a clock and a chimney fire pit. Designers and artists use it for signage and sculpture. This includes decorative panels for interior projects. A CNC plasma cutter adds a lot of flexibility to a home workshop and business. You can also make repetitive cuts; it takes less time once the design is ready and more precise.

Price range

The price range of the CNC plasma cutter depends on the type, size, and features. Generally, a CNC Plasma cutter ranges from $15000-$300000.

CNC Mill

It is quintessential to know what you can do by having a CNC mill. The operation of a CNC Mill is simply a configuration of computerized systems that enable the cutting and shaping of stock material. It is not in isolation from other CNC machines when it comes to how it operates. Popular tasks for a CNC Mill include:

  • CAD model version
  • CAD model designing into a CNC program
  • CNC milling machine installation
  • Milling operation execution

A CNC mill machine is capable of milling or machining. It can produce highly accurate, one-off, high tolerance parts in prototype and small to medium production run. You can imagine what you can accomplish by owning a CNC milling machine covering a wide range of industries. CNC milling operations covers; Plain milling, Face milling, form milling, and Angular milling.

Plain milling refers to milling operations in which the axis rotation for the cutting tool is parallel to the workpiece’s surface. Face milling has its cutting tool’s axis perpendicular to the workpiece’s surface. Face milling cutters serve the cutting and finishing functions.

Angular milling, also known as angle milling, serves to do the cutting at an angle with the surface of the workpiece. Lastly, form milling depicts the milling on irregular surfaces, outlines, and contours. Each milling operation uses specific cutters that are unique and appropriate.

Price Range

CNC Mill ranges from as low as $6000 to $60 000, being the average price. The highest price goes to $300 000.

CNC Drilling Machines

What is CNC Drilling Machine

A CNC drilling machine is a tool that produces round holes in a stationary workpiece through its rotating cutting tool. The devices produced serve two if not many purposes once they are made. They accommodate machine screws for assembly purposes. Secondly, they are used depending on the component design for aesthetic purposes. CNC drilling machines are versatile for multiple drill acceptance.

What can you do with a CNC Drilling machine?

The acronym ‘CNC’ stands for Computer Numerical Control. This signals that the machine functions based on inputted codes and commands. You can use a CNC machine in five different ways. These are mainly:

  • metal fabrication,
  • wood manufacturing,
  • computer parts and components manufacturing,
  • electrical engineering, and
  • plastics manufacturing.

Interestingly, you can use the CNC drilling machine for industrial mass production.
As such, the device works on instructions specified to it. An example of a semi-automated CNC drilling machine is the simple drill press. One that works on command to drill holes of a certain depth as determined by the command instructions.

Price range

The price range for a CNC drilling machine depends on the type, size and functionality. The price range is $28000- $300000.

Types of CNC control

The modern CNC machines have become automotive and can work without human intervention. CNC machines are now capable of manufacturing many operations. Designers always define the group of these machines as a “cell.” CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) programs control CNC machines.

Types of CNC Software

Special programming codes controlled numerically controlled CNC machines called G codes. You can find varying types of CNC software that include CAM software, CAD software, and CAE software. Other software combines the three.

CAM software

CAM software enables CNC machines to detect the slightest imperfections in a finalized project. The machine comes with lasers that see the problem. This causes the computer to automatically call the operator’s cell phone and inform them about the situation. CAM software can produce high-volume parts since it requires no human aid. It reduces production time.

CAD software

The CAD software designs the products that the Cam software will produce. Designers can create their effects on the computer screen and save them. These can be edited and printed later, cutting down the time required for production. CAD software programs can feature 2D vector-based drafting systems or 3D solid and surface modelers.

CAE software

Engineers use CAE software to:

  • analyze,
  • plan,
  • design,
  • simulation,
  • manufacture,
  • and diagnose machine activities.

CAE software has tools to perform tasks in three phases:

  • Pre-processing,
  • analysis and
  • post-processing.

CAD/CAE/CAM Software

Users can find software that combines CAD, CAM, and CAE software. The software programs can handle the whole fabrication process from the design created in CAD, the analysis process performed in CAE, and the final manufacturing performed by CAM software.

Leave a Reply